Employee benefits in France are comprised of French social security benefits and complementary plans taken out by companies for their employees. 

Compulsory state scheme: the state social security coverage 

The state social security coverage protects citizens against the consequences of events qualified as “social risks”. It aims to be universal and equitable. Therefore it is compulsory for all residents regardless of their :

  • Age
  • Occupation
  • Place of residence
  • Income
  • Education

The social security scheme is mandatory for the majority of private sector employees. It provides benefits such as Healthcare and sickness, including medical expenses, maternity, survivors’ pensions and allowances, and death grants. 

Complementary plans: Mutuelle 

Often referred to as “Complémentaire santé” or “Mutuelle”. It has been mandatory for employers, since 2016, to provide supplementary private health insurance for all employees.   

the French social security coverage - COVERAGE RATE PER TYPE OF MEDICAL EXPENSE

Social security covers part of health care expenses. Depending on the geographical location, the healthcare expense borne by the insured may be high (optical, dental). The company’s insurance policy aims to cover all or part of these expenses, with a minimum and a maximum set by the law.

What happens if your employee stays in France for a short period of time ?

It takes three months to become eligible for French social security.
Bilateral social security conventions (also know as bilateral agreements) aim to coordinate the laws of two states or territories in order to ensure the continuity of social protection rights for people in mobility situations.

Death, short-term sickness benefits and disability

Often referred to as « Prévoyance », these risks are usually insured within the same insurance policy.

Standard market practices : 

Death (« Décès »)

Lump sum payment on average 3 years of salary

Annuity spouse : life annuity

Children : annuity until the end of their studies

Short-term sickness / Long term disability

Social security 50% of the salary (coverage from the social security) limited to the social security cap and 100% of the salary covered by the corporate policy.

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